21岁生日的门钥匙

 21岁生日的门钥匙

Paul King

'我有门的钥匙,以前从未去过21岁!'

老话说得好,但为什么一个人的21岁生日如此特别?

这把 "门上的钥匙 "象征着成年和随之而来的独立。 当然,现在它已经不那么重要了,因为1969年的《家庭法改革法》将英国的成年年龄修改为18岁。 同年的《人民代表法》同样将投票年龄从21岁降至18岁。

因此,现在在英国,18岁的人可以合法地购买酒精,购买香烟和烟草,签署信用卡,在选举中投票和纹身。 你可以拥有土地,申请护照和立遗嘱。 你也可以在没有父母的许可或地方法官的许可下结婚。 在苏格兰,16岁结婚是合法的,无需父母同意。

1753年的《婚姻法》宣布,任何未满21岁的人都需要得到其父母或监护人的同意才能结婚;事实上,神职人员如果被发现与未成年夫妇结婚,将被判处14年的监禁。

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许多没有得到父母同意的年轻夫妇会逃到边境以北的苏格兰结婚,那里的法律并不适用。 这通常就在边境上的格雷特纳格林。

那么,21岁何时成为成年年龄?

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如果我们回顾一下盎格鲁-撒克逊时代,一个孩子在11岁时被认为已经成年,后来增加到12岁。在诺曼时代,这个年龄被延长到16岁,除了那些训练成为骑士的人,他们的年龄是21岁。

成为骑士有三个阶段:7岁时,男孩将成为一名骑士的侍从,实际上是一名仆人,同时向骑士学习。

中世纪的骑士和乡绅

14岁时,他将成为一名侍从,照看骑士的盔甲和武器,并为骑士的马配备马鞍。 侍从经常充当旗手,被要求陪同骑士作战,如果他的主人被杀,还将被要求埋葬他的主人。

21岁时,一个成功的页面将被称为自己的骑士。

对于那些不遵循骑士精神的人来说,一个孩子何时被认为是成年人,往往取决于他的能力和成熟的态度。 例如,一个学徒会住在主人家,被当作孩子对待,直到他完成学徒期。 然后他就会被认为是成年人,因为他在经济上是独立的,不管年龄如何。

在过去,上层阶级的孤儿往往被作为被监护人交给其他亲戚或朋友照顾。 在这种情况下,监护人通常会负责管理孩子的财产,直到他或她21岁成年。 监护人会 "代行父母职责"。 这一制度属于大法官法庭的职权范围。

随着时间的推移,21岁的成年年龄已成为每个人的规定,而不仅仅是骑士。 然而,这并不总是与其他权利相吻合;例如,南希-阿斯特成为国会议员时,许多妇女仍然无法在选举中投票!从1918年起,21岁以上的妇女被允许作为议会候选人参选,但只有30岁以上、符合财产条件的妇女才能真正所有21岁以上的妇女直到1928年的《平等权利法》才获得投票权。

尽管现在成年年龄被定为18岁,但将21岁生日作为重大庆祝活动的传统仍在继续(当然还有18岁的大派对!)。

Paul King

Paul King is a passionate historian and avid explorer who has dedicated his life to uncovering the captivating history and rich cultural heritage of Britain. Born and raised in the majestic countryside of Yorkshire, Paul developed a deep appreciation for the stories and secrets buried within the ancient landscapes and historic landmarks that dot the nation. With a degree in Archaeology and History from the renowned University of Oxford, Paul has spent years delving into archives, excavating archaeological sites, and embarking on adventurous journeys across Britain.Paul's love for history and heritage is palpable in his vivid and compelling writing style. His ability to transport readers back in time, immersing them in the fascinating tapestry of Britain's past, has earned him a respected reputation as a distinguished historian and storyteller. Through his captivating blog, Paul invites readers to join him on a virtual exploration of Britain's historical treasures, sharing well-researched insights, captivating anecdotes, and lesser-known facts.With a firm belief that understanding the past is key to shaping our future, Paul's blog serves as a comprehensive guide, presenting readers with a wide range of historical topics: from the enigmatic ancient stone circles of Avebury to the magnificent castles and palaces that once housed kings and queens. Whether you are a seasonedhistory enthusiast or someone seeking an introduction to the enthralling heritage of Britain, Paul's blog is a go-to resource.As a seasoned traveler, Paul's blog is not limited to the dusty volumes of the past. With a keen eye for adventure, he frequently embarks on on-site explorations, documenting his experiences and discoveries through stunning photographs and engaging narratives. From the rugged highlands of Scotland to the picturesque villages of the Cotswolds, Paul takes readers along on his expeditions, unearthing hidden gems and sharing personal encounters with local traditions and customs.Paul's dedication to promoting and preserving the heritage of Britain extends beyond his blog as well. He actively participates in conservation initiatives, helping to restore historical sites and educate local communities about the importance of preserving their cultural legacy. Through his work, Paul strives not only to educate and entertain but also to inspire a greater appreciation for the rich tapestry of heritage that exists all around us.Join Paul on his captivating journey through time as he guides you to unlock the secrets of Britain's past and discover the stories that shaped a nation.