黑斯廷斯之战

 黑斯廷斯之战

Paul King

黑斯廷斯之战是诺曼底公爵威廉和刚刚登基的哈罗德-戈德温森之间为争夺英格兰王位而进行的战斗。

1066年10月14日上午,由哈罗德国王率领的英国军队在黑斯廷斯附近的森拉克山上就位。 哈罗德筋疲力尽的撒克逊军队在几天前夺取约克郡斯坦福桥的惨烈血战后,被迫向南进军。

威廉用骑兵以及步兵进行攻击;以经典的英国方式,哈罗德训练有素的部队都在他们强大的盾墙后面步行作战。

战斗持续了大半天,盾墙没有被攻破。 据说,正是因为看到了诺曼人的撤退,才最终引诱英国人离开了他们的防御阵地,因为他们在追击敌人的过程中打破了队形。

一旦他们精心组织的阵型被打破,英国人就很容易受到骑兵的攻击。 哈罗德国王被一支偶然的诺曼人的箭射中眼睛而死亡,但战斗一直持续到哈罗德忠诚的保镖全部被杀。

这场战役不仅改变了英国,也改变了欧洲历史的整个进程。 英国从此将被一个压迫性的外国贵族统治,而这个贵族又将影响整个基督教世界的教会和政治机构。

点击这里查看战场地图

上图:一个诺曼士兵的木质雕塑,望向战斗修道院的方向

关键事实:

日期: 1066年10月14日

See_also: 格雷弗里尔斯-鲍比

战争: 诺曼人的征服

位置: 东萨塞克斯郡,战役

交战方: 英国盎格鲁-撒克逊人,诺曼人

胜利者: 诺曼人

See_also: 箭牌的历史

数字: 英国盎格鲁-撒克逊人约8,000人,诺曼人在5,000-12,000之间

伤亡情况: 不详

指挥员: 哈罗德-戈德温森(英格兰--右图),诺曼底的威廉公爵(诺曼人)。

位置:

黑斯廷斯战役四年后,教皇亚历山大二世命令征服者威廉为他的入侵进行忏悔。 因此,威廉委托在战役遗址上建造一座修道院,战役修道院(后来被称为)的遗迹至今仍傲然屹立。 该遗址现在由英国遗产局经营,还包括一个门楼展览以及诺曼和撒克逊军队的木质雕塑散落在景观中。

Paul King

Paul King is a passionate historian and avid explorer who has dedicated his life to uncovering the captivating history and rich cultural heritage of Britain. Born and raised in the majestic countryside of Yorkshire, Paul developed a deep appreciation for the stories and secrets buried within the ancient landscapes and historic landmarks that dot the nation. With a degree in Archaeology and History from the renowned University of Oxford, Paul has spent years delving into archives, excavating archaeological sites, and embarking on adventurous journeys across Britain.Paul's love for history and heritage is palpable in his vivid and compelling writing style. His ability to transport readers back in time, immersing them in the fascinating tapestry of Britain's past, has earned him a respected reputation as a distinguished historian and storyteller. Through his captivating blog, Paul invites readers to join him on a virtual exploration of Britain's historical treasures, sharing well-researched insights, captivating anecdotes, and lesser-known facts.With a firm belief that understanding the past is key to shaping our future, Paul's blog serves as a comprehensive guide, presenting readers with a wide range of historical topics: from the enigmatic ancient stone circles of Avebury to the magnificent castles and palaces that once housed kings and queens. Whether you are a seasonedhistory enthusiast or someone seeking an introduction to the enthralling heritage of Britain, Paul's blog is a go-to resource.As a seasoned traveler, Paul's blog is not limited to the dusty volumes of the past. With a keen eye for adventure, he frequently embarks on on-site explorations, documenting his experiences and discoveries through stunning photographs and engaging narratives. From the rugged highlands of Scotland to the picturesque villages of the Cotswolds, Paul takes readers along on his expeditions, unearthing hidden gems and sharing personal encounters with local traditions and customs.Paul's dedication to promoting and preserving the heritage of Britain extends beyond his blog as well. He actively participates in conservation initiatives, helping to restore historical sites and educate local communities about the importance of preserving their cultural legacy. Through his work, Paul strives not only to educate and entertain but also to inspire a greater appreciation for the rich tapestry of heritage that exists all around us.Join Paul on his captivating journey through time as he guides you to unlock the secrets of Britain's past and discover the stories that shaped a nation.