英国食品的历史

 英国食品的历史

Paul King

大不列颠--三个非常不同的国家,英格兰、苏格兰和威尔士,每个国家都有丰富多样的历史和文化。 也许这解释了其烹饪传统的多样性。

英国的历史在其传统、文化和食物方面发挥了很大的作用。 例如,罗马人给我们带来了樱桃、刺荨麻(用作沙拉蔬菜)、卷心菜和豌豆,并改进了玉米等作物的种植。 他们还给我们带来了葡萄酒!罗马人是多产的道路建设者,这些道路第一次使运输变得容易。全国各地的农产品。

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撒克逊人是优秀的农民,种植了各种各样的草药。 这些草药并不像今天这样只是用来调味,而是被用来作为填充炖菜的材料。

维京人和丹麦人给我们带来了熏制和干燥鱼的技术--即使在今天,英格兰和苏格兰的东北海岸仍然是找到最好的腌鱼的地方--例如Arbroath Smokies。"Collops "是一个古老的斯堪的纳维亚词,表示肉块或肉片,在苏格兰,传统上在伯恩斯之夜(1月25日)有一盘Collops。 约克火腿是一个非常受欢迎的食物。第一个约克火腿据说是用建造约克大教堂时使用的橡树的锯末熏制的。

诺曼人不仅入侵了我们的国家,也入侵了我们的饮食习惯!他们鼓励饮酒,甚至给我们提供了常见食物的词汇--例如羊肉(mouton)和牛肉(boeuf)。 在12世纪,十字军是第一个尝到橙子和柠檬的英国人,当时他们于1191-2年在雅法。

英国一直是一个贸易大国。 藏红花很早就由腓尼基人引入康沃尔郡,当时他们第一次来到英国进行锡的交易。 藏红花是从藏红花的干燥柱头中提取出来的粉末,至今仍被用于英国的烹饪。 从国外进口食品和香料对英国人的饮食产生了很大影响。 在中世纪古代,富人能够用来自亚洲的香料和干果做饭。 然而,有人说,穷人能吃上饭就很幸运了!这是不可能的!

在都铎时代,由于贸易的增加和新土地的发现,新种类的食物开始到来。 来自远东的香料、加勒比海的糖、南美的咖啡和可可以及印度的茶。 来自美洲的土豆开始广泛种植。 埃克尔斯蛋糕是从清教徒时代演变而来的,当时丰富的蛋糕和饼干被禁止使用。

直到20世纪,火鸡几乎都是在诺福克郡饲养的。 17世纪,火鸡被从诺福克郡赶到伦敦市场,成群结队,数量在500只以上。 它们的脚有时被包扎起来以保护它们。 到达伦敦后,它们必须在上市前被喂养几天。

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帝国的发展带来了新的口味和风味--例如,Kedgeree是印度菜Khichri的一个版本,最早由东印度公司的成员带回英国。 自18和19世纪以来,它一直是英国早餐桌上的传统菜肴。

如今,你可以品尝到来自世界各地的美食--中国、印度、意大利、法国、美国、西班牙、泰国等,反映了今天英国的种族多样性以及现代旅行的便利性。 有些人甚至声称 "咖喱 "是英国的传统菜肴--尽管它与印度的咖喱没有什么相似之处!

那么,什么是英国菜呢? 烤牛肉和约克郡布丁、牛排和肾脏派、Trifle--这些都是每个人都会联想到的英国菜。 但是,就像英国这个不断变化和发展的国家一样,英国菜也是如此,虽然今天这些菜是 "传统的英国菜",但在未来,也许像英国咖喱这样的菜也会加入它们!

一道相当有食欲的咖喱菜!作者:stu_spivack。 采用知识共享署名-相同方式共享2.0通用许可。

Paul King

Paul King is a passionate historian and avid explorer who has dedicated his life to uncovering the captivating history and rich cultural heritage of Britain. Born and raised in the majestic countryside of Yorkshire, Paul developed a deep appreciation for the stories and secrets buried within the ancient landscapes and historic landmarks that dot the nation. With a degree in Archaeology and History from the renowned University of Oxford, Paul has spent years delving into archives, excavating archaeological sites, and embarking on adventurous journeys across Britain.Paul's love for history and heritage is palpable in his vivid and compelling writing style. His ability to transport readers back in time, immersing them in the fascinating tapestry of Britain's past, has earned him a respected reputation as a distinguished historian and storyteller. Through his captivating blog, Paul invites readers to join him on a virtual exploration of Britain's historical treasures, sharing well-researched insights, captivating anecdotes, and lesser-known facts.With a firm belief that understanding the past is key to shaping our future, Paul's blog serves as a comprehensive guide, presenting readers with a wide range of historical topics: from the enigmatic ancient stone circles of Avebury to the magnificent castles and palaces that once housed kings and queens. Whether you are a seasonedhistory enthusiast or someone seeking an introduction to the enthralling heritage of Britain, Paul's blog is a go-to resource.As a seasoned traveler, Paul's blog is not limited to the dusty volumes of the past. With a keen eye for adventure, he frequently embarks on on-site explorations, documenting his experiences and discoveries through stunning photographs and engaging narratives. From the rugged highlands of Scotland to the picturesque villages of the Cotswolds, Paul takes readers along on his expeditions, unearthing hidden gems and sharing personal encounters with local traditions and customs.Paul's dedication to promoting and preserving the heritage of Britain extends beyond his blog as well. He actively participates in conservation initiatives, helping to restore historical sites and educate local communities about the importance of preserving their cultural legacy. Through his work, Paul strives not only to educate and entertain but also to inspire a greater appreciation for the rich tapestry of heritage that exists all around us.Join Paul on his captivating journey through time as he guides you to unlock the secrets of Britain's past and discover the stories that shaped a nation.