苏格兰派普尔战争英雄

 苏格兰派普尔战争英雄

Paul King

苏格兰战场上的管子声响彻云霄。 管子在战斗中的最初用途是向部队发出战术行动的信号,就像骑兵队在战斗中用号角向士兵传达命令一样。

See_also: 边缘山的幻影之战

雅各布叛乱后,在18世纪末,从苏格兰高地组建了一些军团,到19世纪初,这些苏格兰军团恢复了这一传统,由吹奏者为他们的战友演奏,这种做法一直持续到第一次世界大战。

管子的刺耳声音和漩涡提高了部队的士气,并威慑了敌人。 然而,由于没有武器,而且他们的演奏会引起人们的注意,吹奏者总是很容易成为敌人的目标,在第一次世界大战期间更是如此,他们会带领士兵 "越过 "战壕,进入战斗。 吹奏者的死亡率极高:据说据估计,约有1000名吹奏者在第一次世界大战中死亡。

苏格兰边防军第七军团的佩珀-丹尼尔-莱德洛因其在第一次世界大战中的英勇表现而被授予维多利亚十字勋章。 1915年9月25日,该军团正准备 "翻身",在猛烈的炮火和毒气袭击下,该军团的士气跌至谷底。 指挥官命令莱德洛开始演奏,将动摇的士兵拉到一起准备迎接攻击。

吹笛人立即登上护栏,开始在战壕里来回走动。 他不顾危险,吹起了 "边境上所有的蓝帽子",对士兵们的影响几乎是立竿见影,他们蜂拥而上,投入战斗。 Laidlaw继续吹笛,直到接近德军防线时受伤。 除了被授予维多利亚十字勋章外,Laidlaw还被授予为表彰他的英勇行为,他获得了法国战功勋章。

在第二次世界大战期间,第51高地师在1942年10月23日第二次阿拉曼战役开始时使用了吹笛人。 在他们进攻时,每个连都由一名吹笛人带领,吹奏能在黑暗中识别他们团的曲子,通常是他们的连队进行曲。 虽然进攻成功,但吹笛人的损失很大,风笛被禁止使用。前线。

西蒙-弗雷泽,第15代洛瓦特勋爵,是1944年6月6日诺曼底登陆时第一特勤旅的指挥官,他带来了他21岁的私人吹笛手比尔-米林。 当部队在剑滩登陆时,洛瓦特无视限制在行动中吹奏风笛的命令,命令米林演奏。 当二等兵米林引用规定时,据说洛瓦特勋爵说回答说:"啊,但那是 英语 战争办公室。 你和我都是苏格兰人,这并不适用。"

米林是登陆期间唯一一个穿短裙的人,他的武器只有他的烟斗和传统的sgian-dubh,即 "黑刀"。 当他周围的人倒在炮火下时,他弹奏了 "Hielan' Laddie "和 "通往群岛之路 "的曲子。 据米林说,他后来与被俘的德国狙击手交谈,后者声称他们没有向他开枪是因为他们认为他是疯子!

See_also: 棺材破损--凯瑟琳-帕尔的戏剧性身世

洛瓦特、米林和突击队员们随后从剑滩向飞马桥推进,而飞马桥正由在D日凌晨乘滑翔机登陆的巴克斯轻步兵第二营(The Ox & Bucks Light Infantry)的士兵们英勇地保卫着。 到达飞马桥后,洛瓦特和他的士兵们在米林的风笛声中冒着猛烈的炮火走了过去。 12名士兵牺牲、为了更好地理解这一行动的纯粹的勇敢,后来的突击队分队被指示在他们的头盔保护下,分批冲过桥。

米林在D日的行动在1962年的电影《最长的一天》中得到了永生,他在电影中的角色是管子少校莱斯利-德-拉斯佩(Leslie de Laspee),他后来是太后的官方吹笛人。 米林在1946年被解职前还在荷兰和德国参加了进一步的行动。 他于2010年去世。

米林于2009年6月被法国授予克鲁瓦荣誉勋章。 为了表彰他的英勇行为,并向所有为欧洲解放做出贡献的人致敬,一座与他真人大小相同的铜像将于2013年6月8日在法国剑滩附近的科尔莱维尔-蒙哥马利揭幕。

Paul King

Paul King is a passionate historian and avid explorer who has dedicated his life to uncovering the captivating history and rich cultural heritage of Britain. Born and raised in the majestic countryside of Yorkshire, Paul developed a deep appreciation for the stories and secrets buried within the ancient landscapes and historic landmarks that dot the nation. With a degree in Archaeology and History from the renowned University of Oxford, Paul has spent years delving into archives, excavating archaeological sites, and embarking on adventurous journeys across Britain.Paul's love for history and heritage is palpable in his vivid and compelling writing style. His ability to transport readers back in time, immersing them in the fascinating tapestry of Britain's past, has earned him a respected reputation as a distinguished historian and storyteller. Through his captivating blog, Paul invites readers to join him on a virtual exploration of Britain's historical treasures, sharing well-researched insights, captivating anecdotes, and lesser-known facts.With a firm belief that understanding the past is key to shaping our future, Paul's blog serves as a comprehensive guide, presenting readers with a wide range of historical topics: from the enigmatic ancient stone circles of Avebury to the magnificent castles and palaces that once housed kings and queens. Whether you are a seasonedhistory enthusiast or someone seeking an introduction to the enthralling heritage of Britain, Paul's blog is a go-to resource.As a seasoned traveler, Paul's blog is not limited to the dusty volumes of the past. With a keen eye for adventure, he frequently embarks on on-site explorations, documenting his experiences and discoveries through stunning photographs and engaging narratives. From the rugged highlands of Scotland to the picturesque villages of the Cotswolds, Paul takes readers along on his expeditions, unearthing hidden gems and sharing personal encounters with local traditions and customs.Paul's dedication to promoting and preserving the heritage of Britain extends beyond his blog as well. He actively participates in conservation initiatives, helping to restore historical sites and educate local communities about the importance of preserving their cultural legacy. Through his work, Paul strives not only to educate and entertain but also to inspire a greater appreciation for the rich tapestry of heritage that exists all around us.Join Paul on his captivating journey through time as he guides you to unlock the secrets of Britain's past and discover the stories that shaped a nation.